baby and sleep


One of the most important routines for health, not only physical but mental and emotional human being is, without doubt, sleep. A restful sleep brings hours of productive activity and boost energy and creativity.
We must break the myth that while we are sleeping the body is passive, we need to know the organism is extremely active, both its organs and the brain, to make us healthy. Some of these functions are: detoxifying functions, increased defenses, formation of muscle mass, fat burning, and very important hormones are produced like melatonin.

This important hormone is secreted by the pineal gland but only in dark conditions and in deep sleep. Melatonin is responsible for eliminating the free radicals that we generate during the day. Its climax of release is between 21 hrs. and 04 hrs. but is inhibited by light (artificial or natural) that enters through the eyes. It should be noted that one of the factors that increases the production of free radicals is stress and who generates stress to children? Parents.

Growth hormone: It reaches its maximum release at 12 o'clock at night and stays until 2:00 AM, only if at that time we are in deep sleep. But if at 12 a.m. we are not sleeping, it will not be released. If a child sleeps much later than that, their growth potential is not going to be the ideal and they will stay a few inches below what their genes indicated. This hormone help us grow and have an adequate neurodevelopment according to each age, and influences, in the maturation central nervous system, While you are asleep, the process of one of the most important functions of the brain is performed: memory.

Some psychiatrists say sleep in babies is as important as breastfeeding, it contributes to the normal growth and development of the brain and nervous system.
A little boy who sleeps well is a baby who, in general, is healthy. Moreover, when they have a poor development in height and weight should be suspected of a sleep disorder, and the doctor must evaluate it.

In adults, sleep has two phases that are repeated periodically during the night: the non-REM phase (approximately 75% of sleep) and the REM phase (the remaining 25%).
It is characterized by the movement of eyes (hence its name, Rapid Eye Movement), being the most active phase and in which dreams are produced.
In babies, however, the opposite occurs.
The active phase, REM, predominates over non-REM (also known as the quiet phase). This is because the non-REM phase requires a greater cerebral maturity.

It is well known that an adult needs, in general, between 7 and 8 hours of sleep to rest and to develop their activity properly.

But how many hours does a baby need to sleep?
Obviously, from birth to 12 months of age, the number of hours of sleep and its distribution throughout the day is different.
During the first 3 months of life, sleep takes up most of the day. They will need between 16 and 18 hours a day of sleep, and Babies are only awakened by vital needs (for example, eating) or external stimuli that make them uncomfortable, like loud noises.
The baby will stay awake longer, so his interaction with the real world will be greater. This interaction is important for its evolution.
As a rule, it could be said that each quarter the baby will need approximately one hour less sleep. That is, 16 hours the first quarter, 15 hours the second, 14 the third and 13 until the end of the year.
Throughout history, sleep was and continues to be a very controversial topic that has generated different theories and points of view.


There are some items on which there is agreement and consensus:
・ Dress the child comfortable, according to the room temperature, and do not cover it with heavy blankets that can be entangled.
・ Avoid stimulating meals and drinks at dinner.
・ Establish the moment of the bath before going to bed.
・ Give him massages
Facilitate the choice of a doll or blanket for the child to sleep with him
・ Tell stories, read stories, and most important, listen to quiet music.

The first thing is to know the normal sleep in babies and what are their characteristics, secondly, let them initially sleep at free demand and to the extent that they grow up, teach them that the night was made to sleep and the day to have activity.
From three months of age, experts say, it is much easier to start the task to form healthy habits around sleep. For this, the most important thing is to respect schedules, and to have clean and well-nourished the baby at the time of going to sleep.

Also, we must consider a series of rituals facilitating sleep and, at the same time, set aside others that frighten him, actions that do not have to be done in the moments before going to sleep. It is good to use music as ritual for sleeping, there are many choices of calm sounds that could help them. This supported by studies, which demonstrate musical combinations, their frequencies, their metrics and their tone stimulate the human brain reducing stress and getting babies and children to calm down. This helps and a lot so that they can fall asleep more easily, especially when they are very upset or nervous.
There are easy resources that you can acquire on your phone without the struggle of how to find the ideal music for your baby. All the soothing sounds you and your baby need are here. Make your baby feel comfortable with Sound cradle app, where you can find your baby´s favorite sounds all the time on your mobile.
Please put your smartphone in a place far away from your baby and play the music without using earphones. Let him relax, grow health because you are giving him the best.